Gaza is on the brink of a “systemic collapse” as the electricity crisis deepens, the International Committee of the Red Cross is warning.
“Severe power and fuel shortage has reached a critical point in Gaza, endangering essential services including healthcare, wastewater treatment and water provision,” the ICRC said on Tuesday.
ICRC added that without immediate intervention, “a public health and environment crisis is looming.”
People in Gaza currently have only six hours of electricity each day, as the territory’s only functioning power plant has no secure supply of fuel.
Last month, the UN said that Gaza’s hospitals were already working “at minimal capacity” and the World Health Organization warned that all of Gaza’s public hospitals could be forced to suspend critical services, putting thousands of lives at risk.
Now the ICRC is saying that “a systemic collapse of an already battered infrastructure and economy is impending.”
Gaza has for years been operating on a severe energy deficit. Its daily supply of electricity from Israel, Egypt and its sole, partially functioning power plant meets only about half the requirements of its two million residents.
The crisis deepened last month when the Palestinian Authority in Ramallah decided to stop paying Israel for the electricity it supplies to Gaza.
The step is likely part of the PA’s decade-long effort to force Hamas to cede control in Gaza. The PA controlled by Mahmoud Abbas works closely with Israeli occupation forces, while Hamas has continued to engage in armed resistance – a fundamental difference that lies at the heart of their ongoing division.
Gaza’s infrastructure and society have been battered by a decade-old Israeli siege and three successive military assaults – the most recent in 2014 killed approximately one in every 1,000 Gaza residents and left thousands more injured.
During April, the number of exits from Gaza by Palestinians through the Israeli-controlled Erez crossing fell to the lowest level since June 2014, the month before the Israeli military assault.
According to the Israeli human rights group Gisha, the sharp drop is part of a trend “toward the gradual tightening of the closure and further reduction in the already limited options for Palestinian travel in and out of Gaza.”
Years ago, the ICRC declared that Israel’s blockade of Gaza is illegal.
“The whole of Gaza’s civilian population is being punished for acts for which they bear no responsibility,” the ICRC stated in 2010. “The closure therefore constitutes a collective punishment imposed in clear violation of Israel’s obligations under international humanitarian law.”
“The dire situation in Gaza cannot be resolved by providing humanitarian aid,” it added.
Yet in the total absence of accountability for Israel’s violations, humanitarian aid has repeatedly been used to keep Gaza at the edge of subsistence and out of the headlines.
The recently launched Gaza Unlocked campaign notes that when the media do report about Gaza, stories “primarily focus on violence and politics, while stories of how the blockade impacts everyday life remain largely untold.”
The campaign aims to mobilize public pressure on politicians to end the Israeli blockade.