Apartheid is characterised by forcible transfer of populations, land control, labour exploitation, humiliation and murder. The wall makes all of these aspects of apartheid possible in Palestine.
The wall confiscates Palestinian land on which Israel’s illegal settlements are then built. In confiscating this land, and physically restricting Palestinian movement, the wall severely restricts Palestinians ability to work. Activists working non-violently to bring the wall down are routinely arrested or killed by the Israeli military.
Palestinian neighbourhoods in Jerusalem are being dissected and in some cases demolished to make way for Israel’s wall. The West Bank is being fragmented and encircled by Israeli settlements and the wall that surrounds them. In most areas the wall divides Palestinian neighbourhoods and villages.
This is the case in both East Jerusalem and the West Bank. Families are divided. Work, education, and healthcare are all greatly impacted by walls that delay and checkpoints that often prevent any passage for Palestinians. Even if Israel's wall only segregated Israelis from Palestinians, it would still be a potent symbol of racism and apartheid.
• Israel claims it has built the wall on the 1967 Green Line, but in reality, it cuts deep into the West Bank, expanding Israel's theft of Palestinian land and resources.
• In total, 85% of the Wall is located in the West Bank.
• The Wall annexes about 46% of the West Bank, isolating communities into Bantustans, ghettos and "military zones".
• This means that the Palestinian population in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, including almost 1.5 million refugees, are encircled on only 12% of mandate Palestine.
• 98% of the settler population are in the de facto annexed areas.
• Most of the barrier comprises a set of 2 metre high, electrified barbed-wire fences with vehicle-barrier trenches and a 60 metre wide exclusion zone on the Palestinian side.
• The full route, as outlined in the blueprint approved by Israel’s Ministry of Defense, is 422 miles of zigzagging curves and loops, making it more than twice as long as the 199-mile-long Green Line.
• As of September 2013, there were 99 fixed checkpoints in the West Bank through which Palestinians must pass to move between towns.
• The town of Qaqilya is a town of one square kilometre, and is surrounded totally by the wall, leaving one entrance / exit.
• The village of Anata, near Jerusalem, which has 15,000 residents, is also completely closed off with an extra high fence of 8 metres, with one entrance / exit, keeping its residents from regular access to the businesses, hospitals, cultural centres and other services in the Holy City.
• This includes over 200,000 Palestinians of East Jerusalem, who will be totally isolated from the rest of the West Bank.
• The Wall is not a new "idea" - since 1994 the Gaza Strip has been surrounded by a barrier which cuts off Palestinians of Gaza from the rest of the world.
• In 2004, the International Court of Justice ruled Israel’s wall illegal. The Israeli high court has also ruled the route of the wall to be illegal in several places.
• The average height of the Berlin Wall was 11.8 feet (3.6 metres), compared with the maximum current height of Israel's Wall — 25 feet (8 metres).
• 400 miles long, Israel’s wall is three times longer than the Berlin wall.